Dandruff is a problem that affects all of us at some point in our lives. Not only is it unsightly and unattractive but it is also uncomfortable and itchy.
Why do we get dandruff?
Normally, new skin is formed all the time, even in the scalp. Cells in the lowermost layer multiply, travel upwards, get older and are shed off once they reach the surface of the skin. This cycle is continuous. Sometimes the cycle can get accelerated or the dead cellsare not shed off and gather in clumps. This results in dandruff. Excessive scales always attract fungi belonging to the yeast family, which further perpetuates dandruff. Generally, if you suffer from dandruff, your scalp will get scaly all over. In severe cases, it can result in an accumulation of crust. Sometimes the itching can get so bad that you start developing sores because of the constant scratching.
Common Causes of Dandruff
Dandruff can be caused by other factors as well. Some of the common causes of dandruff are:
- Using hair oil. This tends to increase fungal elements. Although temporarily the flakes may appear to lessen, as they tend to stick to the scalp because of the oil, ultimately the dandruff is likely to increase.
- Using unsuitable shampoos. The skin of the scalp can react to a shampoo by flaking. This is more likely to happen with poor quality shampoos. Hence, always use shampoos made by reputed companies.
- Excessive oiliness can lead to dandruff. This is common in teenagers who have a tendency towards pimples/acne. During the teenage years, some amount of scaling is normal. It tends to wax and wane and generally clears up between the ages of twenty and twenty-five.
- Excessive dryness of the scalp can also lead to dandruff. Some skin disorders like early seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, fungal infections of the scalp, occasionally bacterial infections, etc., are likely to manifest asjust dandruff, especially in the initial stages.
- Stress is also a likely cause. If you are prone to dandruff, it certainly does fluctuate with stress. And the more stress you’re under, the worse it gets.